Tool Nose Compensation Concept

Classic Control - Lathe Operator's Manual

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Tool nose compensation works by shifting the Programmed Tool Path to the right or to the left. The programmer usually programs the tool path to the finished size. When tool nose compensation is used, the control compensates for the radius of the tool based on special instructions written into the program. Two G-code commands are used to do this for compensation within a two-dimensional plane. G41 commands the control to shift to the left of the programmed tool path, and G42 commands the control to shift to the right of the programmed tool path. Another command, G40, is provided to cancel any shift made by tool nose compensation.

TNC Shift Direction: [1] Toolpath relative to the workpiece, [2] Programmed toolpath.

The shift direction is based on the direction of the tool movement relative to the tool and which side of the part it is on. When thinking about which direction the compensated shift occurs in tool nose compensation, imagine looking down the tool tip and steering the tool. Commanding G41 moves the tool tip to the left and G42 moves the tool tip to the right. This means that normal O.D. turning requires G42 for correct tool compensation, while normal I.D. turning requires G41.

Imaginary tool tip: [1] Tool nose radius, [2] Imaginary tool tip.

Tool nose compensation assumes that a compensated tool has a radius at the tool tip that it must compensate for. This is called the Tool Nose Radius. Since it is difficult to determine exactly where the center of this radius is, a tool is usually set up using what is called the Imaginary Tool Tip. The control also needs to know which direction the tool tip is relative to the center of the tool nose radius, or the Tip direction. The tip direction should be specified for each tool.

The first compensated move is generally a move from a non-compensated position to a compensated position and is therefore unusual. This first move is called the Approach move and is required when using tool nose compensation. Similarly, a Depart move is required. In a Depart move, the control moves from a compensated position to a non-compensated position. A Depart move occurs when tool nose compensation is canceled with a G40 command or Txx00 command. Although Approach and Depart moves can be precisely planned, they are generally uncontrolled moves and the tool should not be in contact with the part when they occur.

Be aware: Many service and repair procedures should be done only by authorized personnel. The service technicians at your Haas Factory Outlet (HFO) have the training, experience, and are certified to do these tasks safely and correctly. You should not do machine repair or service procedures unless you are qualified and knowledgeable about the processes.

Danger: Some service procedures can be dangerous or life-threatening. DO NOT attempt a procedure that you do not completely understand. Contact your Haas Factory Outlet (HFO) and schedule a service technician visit if you have any doubts about doing a procedure.